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Child Labor
National Summary
What is child labor? The child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) prohibit employers from hiring minors (individuals under the age of 18) to work at dangerous occupations, for an excessive number of hours, and at unsuitable times of the day or night. States also have child labor laws and when state and federal laws differ, the stricter law applies. There are separate rules for minors under 18, under 16, and under 14 years of age, both on the number of hours and times of the day and year they may work, as well as the types of work that they are allowed to perform. In addition, there are rules on proof of age, minors driving motor vehicles, minimum wage rates, children working in agriculture, and work under federal contracts. Severe penalties may be imposed on employers that violate child labor laws. Employers are prohibited from retaliating or otherwise discriminating against an employee who files a complaint or participates in a legal proceeding under the Act.
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TypeTitleDateState
156439index.aspxAnalysis Child Labor 03/04/2009National
154956index.aspxQuestions & Answers When can minor employees be paid less than minimum wage? 01/31/2006National
154060index.aspxQuestions & Answers What laws regulate the employment of children under the age of 18? 05/13/2005National
151480index.aspxQuestions & Answers What are the laws in the State of Ohio concerning minors? 05/20/2003National
153046tools.aspxChecklists Employer's Teen Safety Checklist 01/29/2003National
151479index.aspxQuestions & Answers Where I can find the laws pertaining to age requirements to work in a kitchen environment? 10/04/2002National
151476index.aspxQuestions & Answers Does a 17 year-old college student still require working papers? 05/03/2002National
151478index.aspxQuestions & Answers In the state of Indiana, if a minor is under 18 then they must produce an employment certificate when hired. This certificate is issued by the school. Is a GED sufficient if the employee is 17 years of age? 10/08/2001National
151477index.aspxQuestions & Answers In California, what are the restrictions on allowing a 17-year-old to do volunteer work in an office? 07/24/2001National
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